microdermabrasion treatment systems

Microdermabrasion Equipment

This page provides information about microdermabrasion equipment that is contained within a complete microdermabrasion treatment system. You don’t need to know about microdermabrasion equipment in detail if you are just thinking about having microdermabrasion as a patient; however, you may find this page interesting as it gives you a more detailed knowledge of how microdermabrasion equipment works.

Professional microdermabrasion equipment


Professional microdermabrasion systems consist of around a dozen individual pieces of equipment which all perform a function in the microdermabrasion treatment process. Each piece of microdermabrasion equipment is mentioned below, with links to more detailed information pages.

Microdermabrasion Machines

microdermabrasion_equipment_machineThe microdermabrasion machine is the heart of the professional microdermabrasion system and is responsible for two functions. This piece of equipment provides the airflow that delivers the microdermabrasion crystals to the facial skin, and it also provides the suction that vacuums the spent crystals and dead skin cells away from the face.

Microdermabrasion crystals are the magic ingredient in both professional and home microdermabrasion systems. Microdermabrasion crystals are usually made from aluminium oxide and are white or brown in colour. This piece of microdermabrasion equipment is what comes into contact with the skin and performs he exfoliation process.

microdermabrasion_equipment_tubingMicrodermabrasion Tubing

The microdermabrasion tube, or hose as it’s sometimes known, is the piece of microdermabrasion equipment that connects the microdermabrasion machine to the hand piece, from where the crystals are delivered to the skin. This piece of microdermabrasion equipment consists of two separate flexible piece of plastic tubing at one end, which merges into one piece at the other end. One part of the tubing is attached to the part of the microdermabrasion machine that pumps the crystals, while the other is fastened to the end of the machine that vacuums the crystals.

microdermabrasion_equipment_wandMicrodermabrasion Hand Pieces

The hand piece, or wand, is the piece of microdermabrasion equipment that the treatment provider holds in their hand. There are various different types of this microdermabrasion equipment: some are metal while others are glass, some use disposable tips while others need to be sterilised between uses.

tips microdermabrasion equipment_1Microdermabrasion Tips

The tips are the only piece of microdermabrasion equipment (other than crystals) to make contact with the skin. Tips can be made either of plastic, glass or diamonds. Plastic microdermabrasion tips are disposable and should only be used once. Glass tips can be used for up to 50 microdermabrasion treatments before they need to be replaced. They should also be sterilised between uses. Diamond tips are only used in cases of deep acne scarring or thick skin calluses. The tip used depends on it’s compatibility with the other microdermabrasion equipment being used.

microdermabrasion_equipment_cartridgeMicrodermabrasion Cartridges

This piece of microdermabrasion equipment consists of a plastic container in which crystals are stored. The cartridge plugs into the microdermabrasion machine allowing it to draw the crystals and deliver them to the skin. Microdermabrasion machines usually need two cartridges: one for storing fresh crystals and another for storing spent crystals.

microdermabrasion_equipment_filterMicrodermabrasion Filters

This piece of microdermabrasion equipment features in all machines; however, their function can vary slightly. In some newer microdermabrasion machines filters are used to purify the air that is used to pump the crystals to the skin. Traditional machines will use filtration equipment to stop the machine getting clogged up with spent crystals and dead skin.

microdermabrasion_equipment_trolleyMicrodermabrasion Trolleys

This piece of microdermabrasion equipment is becoming less important as machines are getting smaller and lighter. However, many microdermabrasion machines need to be kept on a trolley and wheeled about because they are too heavy to carry otherwise.

Eye shields are a small but important piece of equipment in the microdermabrasion process. When microdermabrasion is performed there is a chance that some crystals may accidentally make contact with your eye which causes irritation. Eye shields are small plastic devices that rest on your eyes to keep them closed and protected

Home microdermabrasion equipment

Home microdermabrasion systems are an alternative that involves less sophisticated microdermabrasion equipment. A typical home microdermabrasion kit consists of the following equipment:

  • Microdermabrasion cream
  • Applicator
  • Hand piece
  • Post treatment serum

Not all home systems contain the above microdermabrasion equipment. Please see our pages on home microdermabrasion kits for detailed information on specific brands.

Microdermabrasion cloth

this is the oldest and most simple piece of microdermabrasion equipment. Microdermabrasion cloths are specifically designed and woven so that when theyare applied to the face they exfolite the top layer of skin and remove dead skin cells.