microdermabrasion treatment systems

Microdermabrasion Machines

This page is about professional microdermabrasion machines that are used by doctors, aestheticians, and beauty spa professionals. If you are interested in microdermabrasion at home please visit our guide to microdermabrasion home kits.

Microdermabrasion Machines: Components

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All professional microdermabrasion machines work in basically the same way using four main components: microdermabrasion_machine_tip

  • Vacuum / air pump
  • Tube
  • Wand
  • Crystals

The vacuum is the engine of the microdermabrasion machine and performs two functions. It is responsible for pumping the crystals through the tube, onto the skin. Once the microdermabrasion crystals have been used, it then sucks them away from the skin and deposits them in a container which is later disposed of.

The tube is the passage through which the crystals travel from the microdermabrasion machine to the wand. The wand is attached to the end of the tube and is the part of the machine that the proffesional holds while performing the microdermabrasion treatment.

Microdermabrasion wands are usually made of steel or glass.The top of the wand is what touches the patient’s skin. Although the crystals aren’t part of the microdermabrasion machine, they are needed to make the treatment work. The microdermabrasion crystals are pumped to the skin at high speed to exfoliate the skin before being sucked away and disposed of.

How do microdermabrasion machines work?

Microdermabrasion machines work quite simply as an electronic vacuum for the skin. Firstly, they send crystals to the skin surface at high speed which causes exfoliation to occur. The machine then sucks away spent crystals along with the exfoliated skin. These two processes of pumping and vacuuming occur when the top of the wand touches the skin. When this happens the circuit of pumping and suction is closed, which is why this process is called closed system microdermabrasion.

Microdermabrasion Machines & Crystals

Traditional machines use microdermabrasion crystals for exfoliating. Although there are some newer techniques such as laser & diamond microdermabrasion, many professionals still use crystal microdermabrasion machines. There are four types of crystals used in microdermabrasion machines: microdermabrasion_machine

  • Aluminium oxide
  • Sodium bicarbonate
  • Sodium chloride
  • Magnesium oxide

Aluminium oxide the most popular crystal used in most microdermabrasion machines. This is because aluminium oxide has properties that make it particularly good for microdermabrasion:

  • Rough surface: Makes it good at exfoliating skin
  • Hard: Only diamonds are harder than aluminium oxide
  • Cheap: Aluminium oxide is cheaper than diamonds
  • Absorption: There is no skin absorption of these crystals. Skin doesn’t react chemically with aluminium oxide.
  • Anti bacterial: Aluminium oxide is effective at killing bacteria. This is good when using microdermabrasion for acne.

Advantages of Microdermabrasion Machines

Whether you choose professional microdermabrasion or home microdermabrasion the basic process is the same. You are promoting skin renewal through removing the top layer of skin. However, professional microdermabrasion machines have two advantages over microdermabrasion home kits:

  1. Power: Microdermabrasion machines are much more powerful, meaning less treatments are necessary to achieve desired results
  2. Suction: Microdermabrasion machines remove the dead skin cells away from your skin. There is no need to wash your face afterwards, to remove microdermabrasion cream and exfoliated skin.

Microdermabrasion Machine Types

All microdermabrasion machines work on the same principles. The only difference is power. Some microdermabrasion machines allow you to turn up the rate and speed at which microdermabrasion crystals are delivered giving you a more thorough treatment, which may be necessary in some cases. Usually, the most powerful microdermabrasion machines are only needed for severe cases of scarring and are only used by dermatologists. At beauty spas, you are likely to find less powerful microdermabrasion machines that are suitable for the majority of cases. These are known as aesthetician grade microdermabrasion machines.

How important is the right microdermabrasion machine?

While microdermabrasion machines are important to the quality of treatment you receive, you shouldn’t spend too much time concentrating on what type of machine you use. The fact is that although there are literally dozens of different microdermabrasion machines on the market, they all work in more or less the same way. Your doctor or aesthetician will have carried out the necessary research in choosing a good microdermabrasion machine. What you should be more concerned about is asking the following questions:

  • Is the professional trained on the microdermabrasion machine they intend to use?
  • Is the microdermabrasion machine maintained and used in a hygienic and sanitary way?
  • What crystals are used in the microdermabrasion machine?
  • What happens to the crystals after microdermabrasion?

Ask to see certificates of training. Get them to explain to you how the microdermabrasion machine works. Get a feel for the general hygiene level of the place. Ask them what they do to keep things clean. Ask them if they use disposable or re-usable wand tips on their microdermabrasion machine. If its re- usable ask them how they sterilise it between uses. Ask them where they get their crystals from. Under no circumstances should microdermabrasion crystals be re-used.

Microdermabrasion Machine Costs

The cost of microdermabrasion machines varies greatly from anywhere between $2000- 30,000, although this isn’t a good indicator as to whether you’ll receive proper treatment. If you want to know the prices of treatment with a machine, check out the page on microdermabrasion costs.